Types of WIL

We have identified nine different types of Work-Integrated Learning, with new methods and approaches to WIL constantly being developed. To refresh yourself on what WIL can mean to you, refer back to our WIL 101.

criteria for wil

Some forms of WIL are better suited for some programs – or some students – than others, and the lines between the different types can be blurry. For an experience to qualify as WIL, it has to meet the following criteria:

  1. Involves college or university students;
  2. Exposes students to authentic work activities or experiences;
  3. Employers are businesses, not-for-profits, or government;
  4. Employers and students both recognize the immediate or future value of the experience;
  5. Students’ performance is assessed by their school and/or employers;
  6. Experiences can either be for academic credit (curricular based) or not-for-credit (verified by the employer, but not going towards an academic grade.)
  7. Students have WIL experiences that comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including health and safety laws.


The Nine Types of WIL:

  1. Applied Research Projects
  2. Apprenticeships
  3. Co-operative education programs
  4. Entrepreneurship
  5. Field Placements
  6. Internships
  7. Mandatory Professional Practices
  8. Service Learning
  9. Work Experience

Hint: Use the drop down option to explore each type of WIL in detail, as well as the benefits for both students and employers per each WIL.